Smart Community systems for healthcare and Road Safety

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IID’s third semester concluded with a collage of projects aimed towards the future, detailed with the intricacies of our present environment. It was held in collaboration with Toshiba’s project ‘Lifenology’, which strives to touch ‘lives’ of billions of people in India through their ‘technology’. Boundless as we were in terms of thinking the infinite possibility and jumps in the time leap in terms of futuristic technology interventions we remained subtle and sensible towards the people we were catering to and most importantly, why we are catering to them. The objective was to outline a smart community for our country, India.

The topic given to us is as essential for people as life itself, i.e. Healthcare. Initially we went on to understand about our country itself, the people, its demographics, the mental model, the system, and where all does healthcare echo around in our daily lives. We ended up selecting different topics with a range of healthcare segments in it like Prevention of diseases, maintenance of health and management of patients. Where majority handled the vast healthcare segment in India, we also tried to touch a crucial topic of road safety as well. Where India still lags behind in the understanding the road essentials, a good communication between the road users becomes very important.

Have a look at some of our projects touching different aspects of life.

1. Writeasy – A Smart Prescription 

by Deepika Sahai | Kavita Panwar

The object is to explore a medium which would solve the existing prescription reading and understanding problems and history maintenance gap faced by Doctors, Patients, and Pharmacists and enhance the overall user experience.

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2.Mobilization of Ante-Natal Checkups

By Lalit Chaudhari | Mrinmayi Vartak

A kit designed for ASHAs to assist them in conducting Ante-Natal checkups at the household level in rural and semi-urban areas.

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3. LifePrint – Rapid Disease Detection system 

By Agrima Nagar | Satabdi Biswas

LifePrint is a system which helps in rapid detection of diseases and mass surveillance of communicable disease throughout the country and prevents any possibility of any kind disease outbreak

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4. Kshema: Communication Design for Rural Health

By Sindhu MS | Sindhu S Rao

The objective is to provide communication design in the form of information architecture for data exchange among health worker and doctors which in turn provides better rural healthcare.

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5. Zhei – Smart eyewear for patients with Alzheimer’s

By Nikhil Chandrashekhar | Shivani Goel  

Designing an assistive device for people suffering from mild to moderate Alzheimer’s
disease, and empower their caretakers with an efficient means of providing remote
assistance.

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6. Medbay: Smart Clinics

By Manali Thorat | Sachin James

To help facilitate efficiency of clinics by making the entire check-up procedure quicker and smarter for both patient and doctor. Something which is Instrument Interconnected, and Intelligent.

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7. Advanced Signage System

By Aatur Harsh | Atul Kumar

Our solution tries to figure out how design and technology, combined together, could intervene and bring a positive change in behavioral aspect of people towards awareness of signage in India. This solution is based on the communication between the signage and the 4-wheeler driver’s, through the help of technology.

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All in all, after researching about such systems in India we got to understand the core needs and a better picture of the our country. Our intervention towards these systems made us realize that how important it is to balance technology and people together. Where there is an immense need to lead India towards a new technological era we also need to take care that we should lend a soft hand towards understanding their state before.

Its in the smell

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“It’s more fun to blame things than to fix them” said Dr P.G Bhat, a retired naval officer and a software professional, and now an educationist and a social worker.

This week, students of IID, swam deep into the questions upon the functionality and the working of the Election Commission of India. Simple data sets could stir the  national system and in the end all were stirred up with energy and left bowled over with his enthusiasm and passion to tick out little errors with his witty numbers. He sees the world around him as a big code with some simple bugs.

We live in a world where our identity is enveloped in an 8.6 cm X 5.4 cm PVC laminated sheet of paper, i.e., the voter ID card. So any discrepancy there, resonates exponentially on the Indian picture.

He talked about the importance of standardization and simplification electoral data set In India.

India, a country of 1.2 billion people, where identities are quantified. We might live by our names (conventionally) followed by our surname but our country identifies us by our EPIC number i.e. Elector’s Photo Identity Card number. This data before being carved out into a form has to be extracted, transformed and then finally, loaded in order to be processed, which might be erroneous at times.

According to him, miscellaneous errors in technical tools to extract them, errors in reading various Indic texts, variations in the file format/names, etc. keeps us away from harnessing this data perfectly. On that note he also quotes,

“In India, The data set is digitally born but physically used in electoral purposes”

While analyzing data, metadata should be honored and represented properly, according to the conventions and standards. It should be indexed and easily accessible. (For example, only KA should be used for Karnataka but not KN)

“Simplification is another area where we, as data analysts/visualizers, should concentrate on the normal users. Transliteration is another important factor. High level of quality analysis should also be considered while data mining and data modelling.”

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“It’s in the smell” he said, while putting the lecture to an end. When you seek a data set, when you listen to an inference, when you stumble upon something fishy, you smell the ingredients and analyze its quality with precise quantity and then serve your hungry mind.

 

“Get your facts first. You can distort them later.” – Mark Twain

 

IID Installation for Industry Interface

Hi,

I am Lalit, currently in my second semester of the Information and Interface Design (IID) course at NID, Bangalore.

Recently, we had the Industry Interface at our institute towards the end of semester one. A number of professionals from the industry were present in the campus over a period of two days. It was a wonderful opportunity for interactions and exchanging ideas between the institute and the industry.

Prior to the event, we decided to create an installation to be displayed for IID. After an initial exchange of ideas over mail, both the senior and the junior batch had a couple of meetings where we finalized the requirements for the installation.

The theme decided was ‘What makes up IID?’

People(the traits that define them, interests, social media) and the Coursework(workshop outputs, diploma projects,modules) were topics that we decided should be the criteria used when thinking about the installation.

The discussions had some wonderful ideas on how to realize the installation but due to both time constraints and feasibility, each of them was rejected for one reason or the other until we settled on the final one. Let’s call it ‘Our Network’.

The installation shows a network of all students and at idle state, random students are highlighted, but when a selection is made out of the five options/areas, students specifically interested in that topic/area get highlighted. Students were asked to give a minimum of two interest areas.

The areas decided were:

  1. Data Visualization
  2. Interaction Design
  3. Interface Design
  4. Information Architecture
  5. Usability Engineering

Having played with Arduino, motors, LEDs, and other electronics earlier, I started working on the electronics. A colleague took charge of data gathering and likewise another started working on the artwork.

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Technically, each student is represented by a distinct numbered output pin of a serial to parallel converter chip. For each of the 5 options, we made a binary string of 1s and 0s to be pushed from an Arduino to the chip. Hence, as per the string pushed, corresponding LEDs placed underneath the students photograph would light up. In order to make the selections, we used LDRs [Light Dependent Resistors] as switches. The Arduino would sense the shadow of a finger placed on the LDR and activate a certain code, hence replacing a tactile switch. Due to lack of availability of desired components, we had to combine a number of alternative components available locally to produce the same results.

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The entire structure was constructed overnight using millboard, sunboard, teacups and loads of superglue and fevicol. The millboard had circular holes such that they would align with the students’ photographs on the printed artwork.

Due to some unforeseen reasons, there was a delay and the installation was displayed only on day 2. But hey, we still grabbed a lot of attention!!  \m/

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So without further ado, here’s ‘Our Network‘ in action!

Geovisualization Workshop 2013

Arun Ganesh, an IID alumni was asked to take up a geo-visualization workshop for the IID students. As part of the Geovizualization workshop, students learnt to make schematic maps, play with QGIS, contribute to the OSM project and learn to use tilemill and other cartographic resources.

Here are the Wikipedia contributions:

Schematic Map of Mangalore by Kenneth

Indian Waterway 3 by Bijoy

Tourist Map of Uttarakhand by Noopur

Andaman and Nicobar Language map by Rasagy

Hillstations of Maharashtra by Kinnari

Tourist Map of Mysore by Shweta

Schematic tourist map of Rajasthan by Surbhi

Mumbai Transportation Map by Aarushi

Bangalore Schematic map by Parag